To develop such a profile, the work has been based on:
- A deep literature review based on the Web of Science database
- A web questionnaire sent to academic staff, students and external stakeholders
- An in-depth interview of senior managers of leading European companies (subcontracted to a consultancy firm)
The EELISA Engineer Profile can be described through four general pillars and is based on a new system which would be a hybrid or sui generis educational system different from existing ones.
- High level of scientific, theoretical and digital skills:
This part of the profile involves core skills with theory-based understanding of the basic sciences in each field of engineering, for example mathematics, computing, etc. as well as excellent digital skills and their use to develop products, processes and systems. Students are exposed to theoretical problems and to the formulation of possible solutions based on engineering fundamentals, in a design framework. Here, training in research methodologies and relevant literature is key to help evaluate the data or processes using state of art methods. The above-mentioned high-level skills are the backbone of the European engineer profile.
- Addressing sustainability:
European engineers will need to understand how the techniques they develop are compatible with the planet’s boundaries and that they should not generate irreversible situations. Especially, they will need to consider the entire life cycle of products and services they design and produce. This implies a critical and thorough analysis of the socio-environmental risks that pertain to the development of new technologies.
- Interculturalism: an engineer embracing the European project:
Just as practical learning may help to understand engineering fundamentals, adding mobility, both physical and virtual, in a degree program can help facilitate understanding and incorporating soft skills on a personal level. By being exposed to different professors, university environments and cultures, students will become more aware of different societal issues, ethical problems and cultural dispositions.
- Business and communication skills and critical thinking: practical and applied knowledge.
Because engineers are at the interface between science, techniques and society, they will be exposed to economic, organisational and managerial issues, requiring training related to communication skills, decision-making and independent learning (learning on the job) to better integrate the views of multiple stakeholders into their decision and creative processes. Because they evolve in a society, where knowledge comes from a wider variety of sources, they need to develop an independent mindset and critical judgment capacities.